Timothy B. Wilder
320 Weymoth Drive
Rochester, NY 14625-1919
Philosophy: Recent Arrivals
"the nastiest—and most absurd—philosophical dispute…in the United States…."
ABBOT, FRANCIS ELLINGWOOD. Professor Royce's Libel. A Public Appeal for Redress to the Corporation and Overseers of Harvard University. Boston, Mass.: George H. Eliot, 141 Franklin St., 1891. 1st ed. 48 pp. Original stiff printed wraps, darkened and a bit dust-soiled. [With:] ABBOT. Is Not Harvard Responsible for the Conduct of her Professors, as well as of her Students? A Public Remonstrance Addressed to the Board of Overseers of Harvard University. Boston: Geo. H. Ellis, Printer, 1892. 1st ed. 20 pp. Printed wraps. Together, 2 items, 8vo., very good. Shelf number neatly penned in red ink at head of front wrap of both pamphlets, contemporary inscription on the front wrap of first, "The Melbys[?]/from/T.M.H.". SOLD In 1881 Abbot earned the second doctorate conferred by Harvard in Philosophy. But, like Peirce, he was unable to secure an academic post. In 1888 he was invited to lecture at Harvard during Royce's absence (and at Royce's request). In 1890 the substance of these lectures was published as The Way Out of Agnosticism. "For some reason…Royce [now] set out to annihilate Abbot's reputation…. he wrote a long and devastating review…. He accused Abbot of an unconscious and blundering borrowing from Hegel, but more importantly, issued a 'professional warning' against Abbot's 'philosophical pretensions'…. Abbot's attempt at vindicating himself dragged on until 1892, culminating in a public appeal to the Harvard Corporation and Board of Overseers."—Kuklick (1977). The second title here shreds the spurious distinction between "professional" and "professorial" warnings that the Overseers had used to justify their inaction on Abbot's earlier petition. No matter, his pleas were not successful: Royce was promoted to full professor on the same day Abbot's claims were finally dismissed by the Board. Ironically, only Peirce among his peers had come to Abbot's defense. Ten years later, following publication of his magnum opus, The Syllogistic Philosophy, Abbot committed suicide at his wife's grave. Posterity has been kinder to him: "Royce's enthusiasm for idealism led him to extend his criticism beyond proper philosophical limits and to engage in personal attacks on Abbot. In view of twentieth century philosophical developments…it is clear that Abbot was far more original than Royce would admit."—Joseph Blau, in EP. These two pamphlets are very scarce.
BARRATT, ALFRED. Physical Ethics or the Science of Action. An Essay. London & Edinburgh: Williams & Norgate, 1869. 1st ed. 8vo. vi, 387 pp. Orig. cloth. $175.00 Barratt (1844-1881) was something of a polymath, "achieving the unequalled distinction of five first classes 'within four years and two months' from beginning residence" at Balliol College, Oxford. "The book on 'Physical Ethics' is a remarkable performance for a youth of twenty-four, showing wide reading and marked literary power. The leading idea is the unity of all knowledge and the necessity of bringing ethics into harmony with the physical sciences. The theory resembles, though in certain points it diverges from, that of Mr. Herbert Spencer, whom the author recognizes as 'the greatest philosopher of the age.' Barratt describes himself as an egoist, and in a vigorous article called 'The Suppression of Egoism' defends his theory against Mr. Sidgwick."--Leslie Stephen, in DNB. Barratt's only other book, Physical Metempiric was edited by Carveth Read and published posthumously (1883); both books are decidedly uncommon.
CHASTELLUX, [F.J.] DE. De la Félicité Publique, ou Considérations sur le Sort des Hommes dan les Différentes Époques de l'Histoire. Nouvelle Édition, Augmentée de Notes Inédites de Voltaire. Paris: A.-A. Renouard, 1822 [-1821]. 3rd ed. 2 vols. 8vo. , 350; , 332. Index in each volume. Contemporary ¾ leather and marbled boards, spine direct-lettered in gilt. Spines lightly rubbed, moderate foxing, one leaf in volume II pulled and slightly frayed at edges. SOLD This edition not in Kress. Goldsmiths 23385. Einaudi 1038. It is said that Chastellux learned English so that he could read Hume in the original. (Hume is cited several times in the text here and a lengthy note (II: pp. 135-136) supports him against the criticisms of Wallace.) First published in 1772, this work argues that human society can be perfected through reform and that the purpose of government is to effect "the greatest happiness of the greatest number." Citing this work as one of a number that anticipate Malthus in the belief that "population will always increase to the limit set by the supply of means of subsistence," Schumpeter characterizes it as "not without merit." The question of population trends during different epochs, being considered an index to whether societies were progressing or in a state of decline, occupied many notable figures in England and France during the mid 18th century. No editions in Jessop or Chuo.
GROTE, GEORGE. Fragments on Ethical Subjects. Being a Selection from His Posthumous Papers [edited by Alexander Bain]. London: John Murray, 1876. 1st ed. 8vo. vii, 5, 230 pp., plus Mr. Murray's General List of Books (32 pp., dated January 1875) at end. Original cloth with leather spine labels (rubbed). Light shelfwear, a signature carelessly separated resulting in short, marginal tear to one leaf. Still, a very good copy, mostly unopened. With the signature of one W. Grote on title. $175.00 Comprises six essays, chiefly on ancient philosophy, including two on the ethics of Aristotle. Metz calls this Grote's "only systematic work" of philosophy, which emphasizes "the social character of morality more effectively than the [earlier] utilitarians had done."
HAZLITT, WILLIAM. Essays On the Principles of Human Action; On the Systems of Hartley and Helvetius; And on Abstract Ideas. Edited by his son [William Hazlitt, Jr.]. London: John Miller . 2nd ed. 12mo. , 176 pp. Disbound, name erased from title, textblock a little browned at edges but very sound. $100.00 Second edition of Hazlitt's first, and philosophically most important, book. The text is taken from the author's corrected manuscript of the 1805 edition. The essay on Abstract Ideas (pp. 139-176) appears here for the first time. "In the England of 1830…a humanism so darkly paradoxical found little favor; but his powers as a thinker have been increasingly recognized, and he appears today as the versatile Montaigne of his age, often prefiguring in his essays the dynamacist philosophies of Nietzsche, Bergson, William James, and Freud."—EP.
HERBART, JOHANN FRIEDRICH. Sämmtliche Werke. Herausgegeben von G. Hartenstein. Leipzig: Voss, 1850-52. 1st ed. 12 vols. 8vo. Frontis. portrait in volume I. Contemporary "treed calf" paper over boards with black leather spine labels. Light wear to spine extremities, one volume with tiny chip at head of spine. Handsome set, bright and clean. $1,000.00 With a chronological listing of Herbart's publications, and reviews of his writings, in the final volume.
[JACOBI. F.H.] Ueber die Lehre des Spinoza in Briefen an den Herrn Moses Mendelssohn. Neue vermehrte Ausgabe. Breslau: Gottl. Löwe, 1789. Small 8vo. li, , 440 pp. Frontis. portrait, engraved vignette portrait on titlepage and at conclusion of text. Somewhat later(?) plain black boards backed with binder's cloth, hand-lettered spine label (worn). Some minor wear to binding, spotty foxing throughout, some signatures a bit browned. $600.00 First published in 1785, this work initiated a controversy that ultimately involved many of the leading intellectual figures in Germany, including Goethe and Kant (who weighed in with two essays). The correspondence between Jacobi and Mendelssohn was occasioned by a biography that Mendelssohn was preparing of his friend Lessing. In these private letters Jacobi charged that Lessing had confided to him shortly before his death that he was a "Spinozist." Their (unauthorized) publication by Jacobi represented a serious charge inasmuch as Spinoza was widely viewed as an atheist. Such was Lessing's reputation, however, that the work had the effect opposite to what Jacobi had envisioned: it led to a reevaluation of Spinoza. Indeed, it "laid the foundation of a thorough study of Spinoza in Germany." (Erdmann, §272, 1). This second edition of 1789 is noteworthy for several reasons. It is considerably enlarged, including a lengthy new foreword (vii-li), Jacobi's translation of "Diokles an Diotime über den Atheismus" (pp. 307-327) by Hemsterhuis, and extracts from Del Infinito, apparently the first appearance of anything by Bruno in German. It was also the edition studied carefully by three students at Tübingen, Hölderlin, Hegel and Schelling: "[t]he 'pantheism controversy' made an indelible mark on the three friends." (Pinkard, pp. 30-31). The engraved portrait is of Spinoza and the two vignettes are portraits of Lessing & Mendelssohn, and of Jacobi. Wolf 829.
KAUFMANN, PETER. Der Tempel der Wahrheit, oder Die Wissenschaft für immerdar fortschreitender Erkenntniss; enthaltend die Grundlage und Elemente eines Systemes, um zu absoluter Gewissheit in allen Dingen zu gelangen; bestehend in einer immerdauernden Freuden-Botschaft, und dem beharrlichen Herolde einer bessern Zeit, an alle Menschen, die eines guten Willens sind, oder begehren, eines solchen zu werden. Cincinnati: herausgegeben in Teutscher und Englisher Sprache. Verkauft und zu haben bey Truman & Spofford und Eggers & Wilde. Canton, O., Beym Verfasser., 1858. 1st ed. 8vo. vi, -348 pp. Orig. cloth. Back board waterstained and soiled along spine and edges, covers a little warped, with small tear at head of spine. Faint tide-mark in bottom margin throughout, not affecting text. Some light dust-soiling, a little heavier on several pages (pp. 10-11, 276-77), crease at lower corner of title. Still, text block tight, sound and generally clean, a better copy than the description might indicate. $250.00 The Temple of Truth, Kaufmann's magnum opus, was issued simultaneously in English and German. Christian perfectionist, social reformer, early American Hegelian and journalist, Kaufmann immigrated to the U.S. around 1820. He was instrumental in starting the first American Labor for Labor store, in Philadelphia , later joining the "Economites," George Rapp's community on the Ohio River. Thereafter he was involved in the founding of the short-lived, communistic "Society of the United Germans of Teutonia" at Petersburg, Ohio. In 1831 he settled in Canton, Ohio where for the next 38 years he was a vibrant social and intellectual force in the community. The present work found many readers (including an enthusiastic Emerson), no doubt due in part to Kaufmann's declaration to use the proceeds to found an institution for "the benefit of man and the relief of suffering humanity." For a good summary of Kaufmann's career, see Easton, Hegel's First American Followers, Chapter 4: "Peter Kaufmann on Social Perfection and Dialectics" (pp. 95-122).
KIERKEGAARD, SOREN. Sygdommen til Doden. En christelig psychologisk Udvikling til opbyggelse og opvækkelse af Anti-Climacus; Udgivet af S. Kierkegaard. Kjobenhaven: C.A. Reitzels, 1849. 1st ed. , 136 pp. [Bound with:] KIERKEGAARD. Begrebet angest: en simple psychologisk-paapengende Overveielse i Retning af det dogmatiske Problem om arvesynden af Virgilius Haufniensius [pseud.]. Undet oplag. Kjobenhavn: C.A. Reitzels, 1855. 2nd ed. , 172 pp. Together, 2 vols in 1. 8vo. Contemporary ½ leather and marbled boards, worn, spine shot. Text block tight and very good. $750.00 Himmelstrup 119 and 69, respectively. Collects lifetime editions of Kierkegaard's two important "psychological" works.
KORTHOLT, CHRISTIAN. De tribus impostoribus magnis liber. Kiloni [Kiel]: J. Reumann 1680. 1st ed. Small 8vo. , 294 [i.e. 312] pp. Index. Contemporary vellum (dust-soiled), sprinkled edges. Sheets moderately browned, small hole on one leaf with loss of two letters. A very good copy. SOLD Rare. There are separate sections devoted to each of the "three imposters": Herbert of Cherbury (pp. 4-92), Hobbes (pp. 93-139) and Spinoza (pp. 139-214), plus an Appendix (pp. 227-293) directed to Girolamo Cardano (1501-1576) and Herbert on the "Animalitate Hominis." van der Linde 287. Wolf 303. Brunet 3, col. 692, Graesse 4, p. 45, and Widener Shelflist all cite the 1701 edition (which added an important biographical sketch of Spinoza). Neither edition in Hoose Library catalog. The Karlruhe catalog records holdings of this 1680 edition at 9 institutions (including the British Library, Oxford and Manchester). RLIN and OCLC together add copies at Berkeley, NYPL, UCLA, Penn., and Linkoping Staatsbibliotek.
(LOCKE.) KING, LORD [PETER]. The Life of John Locke, With Extracts from His Correspondence, Journals, and Common-Place Books. London: Henry Colburn, 1829. 1st ed. 4to. xi, , 407,  pp. Portrait and facsimile (both a bit foxed). Handsome contemporary polished calf, boards gilt with floral borders within triple filet rules, rebacked with original gilt spine and red leather label laid on, marbled endpapers and edges. Boards scuffed, some wear to extremities, but binding tight and sound. Light, spotty foxing to title, text generally clean and fresh with good margins. Attractive contemporary engraved bookplate on front pastedown with later owner's label below, recent owner's blindstamp on rear blank. $350.00 Yolton 328. Valuable, despite the editorial liberties and shortcomings, for containing much unpublished material and for making known the true riches of the Loveless collection of Locke manuscripts.
(LOTZE.) JONES, HENRY. A Critical Account of the Philosophy of Lotze. The Doctrine of Thought. Glasgow: James Maclehose & Sons, 1895. 1st ed. 8vo. xvi, 357 pp., plus 32 page Catalogue of the Publications of James Maclehose and Sons (Glasgow 1895) at end. Orig. cloth. Some foxing to title and endpapers, else a fine, bright copy. $85.00 Passmore calls this Jones' "most important polemical work" and characterizes it as "a vigorous attempt, from a neo-Hegelian point of view, to stem the tide of Lotze's influence [in England]."
RUGE, ARNOLD. Die Religion unserer Zeit. Leipzig: Verlagsbureau, 1849. 1st ed. Square 12mo. , 92 pp. Contemporary black paste-paper boards with hand-lettered label. Paper worn away along hinges, spotty foxing throughout text. A very sound copy. Owner's signature dated 1850 on front flyleaf. SOLD Steinhauer 1698. As editor, philosopher, historian, poet, translator, in short, publicist, Ruge was an influential critic of the old order and a key figure in the spread of democratic liberalism throughout Europe in the mid 19th century. As elder statesman of the Young Hegelians, he helped to found the influential Hallische Jahrbücher für deutsche Kunst und Wissenschaft (1838-1843): "To this day German philosophy has nothing comparable to this journal which could equal it in critical forcefulness, effectiveness, and influence upon political theory."—Löwith. Following removal to Paris, Ruge served as co-editor with Marx of the Deutsche-Französche Jahrbücher "but had little sympathy with Marx's socialistic theories and soon left him."—EB 13. By 1849 Ruge had immigrated to England where he spent the remainder of his prolific life (translating Buckle's History of Civilization into German, for example). "Ruge's popular Die Religion unserer Zeit is meant as a derivation of the religion of humanism from the historical religions; in its style, as in its content, it is a precursor of Strauss's 'new faith.' But even in this humanistic attenuation Ruge's program is a direct consequence of Hegel's spiritualization of Christian ideas…." (Löwith). The work would appear to quite rare: the Karlsruhe database locates 4 copies: Hessischer Verbundkatalog; Universitätsbibliotek, Halle; Universitätsbibliotek, Greiswald; Herzog-August-Bibliotek, Wolfenbüttel. It was not found in the RLIN, OCLC, COPAC or British Library databases.
RUSSELL, BERTRAND. A Critical Exposition of the Philosophy of Leibniz with an Appendix of Leading Passages. Cambridge: At the University Press, 1900. 1st ed. 8vo. xvi, , 311,  pp. Orig. dark blue cloth. Fine. SOLD A collector's copy of Russell's third—and first purely philosophical—book.
SUNDERLAND, LaROY. Ideology: Mental Anæsthesia Self-Induced, Miraculous Cures Self-Made, Involution and Evolution in the Human Mind as in the Whole of Things. Volume I. [Bound with, as issued:] Ideology: The Romance and Miracle in Ideal Contagion and Mental Epidemics. Men Go Mad in Crowds. Volume II. Boston, Mass.: Published by J.P. Mendum, 1885. Together, 2 volumes in 1, as issued. 1st ed. 8vo. vi, , 138; vii, , 200 pp., plus 12 page Catalogue of Liberal Books Published and For Sale by J.P. Mendum (Boston: Published by J.P. Mendum, 1885) at end. Orig. cloth, light shelfwear. Contemporary owner’s signature on front fly and in gutter margin of one leaf of text. Very good. $150.00 Scarce late publication by Sunderland, fervid abolitionist and advocate of a philosophy he termed Panthetism. The works here contain chapters on the South Sea and Mississippi bubbles, the Crusades, Christian Science, “the witchcraft madness, &c., plus numerous other events representing mass delusion. A third volume of Ideology with the subtitle Nutrition, instinct, innervation, sensation, consciousness, memory, thinking, consecutive ideas was issued separately in 1887. RLIN and OCLC together record volumes I-III at 5 institutions and RLIN adds a copy of volumes I-II (as here) at the California State Library. Mendum was a reformer and a noted publisher of works on freethought, free speech, botanic medicine, birth control, &c.
WHEWELL, WILLIAM. Lectures On the History of Moral Philosophy in England. London: John W. Parker and Son, 1852. 1st ed. 8vo. xxxii, 265 pp. Contemporary diced rose calf gilt, a.e.g. Binding a bit rubbed and faded with small wear to extremities, corner clipped from front blank. A sound copy, tight and clean. Contemporary engraved bookplate of a Harrow owner on front pastedown, recent owner's blindstamp on front blank. $100.00 Comprises 18 lectures, the last six (pp. 188-265) being devoted to Bentham. Fourteen Additional Lectures were published in 1862. Whewell's "intuitionism" is considered in detail in Mill's Utilitarianism (1863).
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